RALEIGH, N.C. (BP)—Religious freedom, civility amid religious differences and how to convey a message of hope in the current age were among the topics the president of the Southern Baptist Convention and a Muslim professor from Dallas discussed.
More than 1,000 attendees gathered for a March 5 event at North Carolina State University in Raleigh, N.C., to hear J.D. Greear and Omar Suleiman discuss current issues facing American culture related to Christianity and Islam.
Greear is pastor of The Summit Church in Durham, N.C., and Suleiman is a professor at Southern Methodist University in Dallas and founder of the Yaqeen Institute for Islamic Research.
The event, “Hope in the Current Age: A Conversation on Christianity and Islam,” was sponsored by a coalition of faith-based organizations, including The Veritas Forum and Neighborly Faith, along with the host university’s Muslim Student Association, CRU and InterVarsity groups.
Don’t ‘succumb to analysis paralysis’
“We need to be able to not only get along with, but to cherish, stand alongside and even fight for people that believe different things than we do,” Greear said.
Suleiman said politics and social media encourage people to “retreat to our echo chambers.”
“It’s a lot harder to hate and stigmatize somebody when you’re looking people in the face that you call friends,” Greear said.
“It is very easy to succumb to analysis paralysis right now,” Suleiman said. “We have an information overload. We’re exposed to conflict, not in a way that causes us to expand our empathy, but usually causes us to become completely numb to everything.”
Talk of civility and compassion appeared to resonate with the crowd, as attendees nodded in agreement. Three Muslim students were murdered in nearby Chapel Hill almost five years ago. One of the victims was a student at North Carolina State University. The killing sparked debate about anti-Muslim bigotry as prosecutors argued the shooter was fueled by hate.
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‘Posture of fear’ too prevalent
Suleiman talked about hopelessness and expressed concern for the coming months in U.S. politics.
“Things get really bad for Muslims in election years,” he said, lamenting that “cheap talking points are used against our community.”
Greear described how recent cultural trends related to abortion and sex, along with the “forced acceptance of new cultural norms,” had left many Christians fearful.
A “posture of fear” may lead some Christians to look upon outsiders with suspicion and “rationalize the faults” of politicians offering political protection to the Christian community, he said.
Suleiman said religious leaders should work together on issues like religious freedom and the sanctity of life.
“Muslims are often excluded from discussions of religious freedom,” he said. “Some people have even tried to undermine Islam’s claim to religious freedom by claiming it’s not really a religion, it’s a political ideology.”
“If the religious voice can coalesce and demonstrate the consistency that politicians never do, then I think we can usher in some of that hope the American public is looking for,” Suleiman said.
On the topic of political engagement, Greear said Christians believe the problem of evil resides primarily in individuals, not in politics, economics or education.
“That requires a different solution,” he said. Christians believe “God can change the heart through the cross and the resurrection.”
Demonstrate love, be good neighbors
Both speakers affirmed their respective beliefs, even acknowledging their theological opposition to one another, yet expressed a desire to be good neighbors across religious lines.
Kevin Singer, co-founder of Neighborly Faith, offered each speaker an opportunity to address the other’s religious community.
Greear referenced his time spent as a missionary in a Muslim-majority region and said: “We love you. We think you belong in this society, and we want to stand beside you to be your friends.”
“We want you to be patient with us and help us learn what it looks like to look at life through your eyes,” he added. “Most of us have never had the experience of being in a place where we weren’t in the majority, and that’s a difficult transition for us to make.”
Greear also emphasized that Christians “really do believe what the Bible teaches about Jesus” and said they would love the chance to share their faith.
Suleiman expressed gratitude for Greear’s “love and conviction,” and said “that love is reciprocated.”
“Thank you for coming here,” Suleiman told attendees. “I know that for a lot of you, especially with the amount of hatred, bigotry, xenophobia and fear that’s paralyzing out there, it might be difficult for you sometimes to sit next to a Muslim and to learn about a different worldview, a different life, a different faith. Thank you for being bold enough to come here.”
Surveys show the power of conversation
Attendees were asked to participate in online surveys before and after the event. Prior to the discussion, 64 percent of Christian respondents said they had somewhat positive or very positive attitudes toward Islam and 91 percent said they were interested in friendship with Muslims. Likewise, 77 percent of Muslim respondents said they had somewhat positive or very positive attitudes toward Christianity and 85 percent said they were interested in friendship with Christians.
After the event, 76 percent of Christian respondents said their attitude toward Islam was more positive than before and 83 percent said they were more interested in friendships with Muslims. Similarly, 66 percent of Muslims said their attitude toward Christianity was more positive than before and 65 percent said they were more interested in friendships with Christians.
Zero respondents who identified with either faith group said they felt less positive about the other group or less interested in friendships across religious lines.
Singer told the Biblical Recorder the survey results were encouraging.
“It shows the power of one conversation,” he said. “Christians are finding the theological space to entertain these friendships, knowing they can do so with conviction.”