LONDON (RNS)—Eight of the 47 countries that hold seats on the United Nations Human Rights Council imprisoned people in 2013 under laws that restrict religious freedom, according to a new report from Human Rights Without Frontiers International, a nonprofit advocacy organization.
The eight member states on the group’s second annual World Freedom of Religion or Belief Prisoners List are Morocco, China, Saudi Arabia, India, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Libya and South Korea.
Hundreds of believers and atheists were imprisoned in these and 16 other countries for exercising religious freedom or freedom of expression rights related to religion, according to the report. These rights include the freedom to change religions, share beliefs, object to military service on conscientious grounds, worship, assemble and associate freely. Violations related to religious defamation and blasphemy also are included in the report.
According to the report’s findings:
• In China, Protestants, Catholics, Buddhists, Muslims and Falun Gong adherents were arrested for proselytizing, holding illegal gatherings, providing religious education classes and publicizing their persecution.
• In Morocco, a convert to Christianity was arrested and fined for “shaking the faith of a Muslim” by sharing his beliefs.
• In Saudi Arabia, 52 Ethiopian Christians were arrested for participation in a private religious service.
• In India, Protestants were arrested for holding private prayer meetings.
• In Indonesia, a Pentecostal pastor was arrested for holding religious services without a valid permit, and an atheist was sentenced to 30 months in prison for starting an atheist Facebook page where he posted the words “God does not exist.”
• In Kazakhstan, an atheist was arrested for allegedly inciting religious hatred in his writings.
• In Libya, foreign missionaries, dozens of Coptic Christians and a Protestant were arrested and allegedly tortured for proselytizing.
• In South Korea, nearly 600 Jehovah’s Witnesses were imprisoned for conscientious objection to mandatory military service.
The report designates China, Eritrea, Iran, North Korea and South Korea as countries of particular concern for the highest number of religious freedom prisoners. The U.S. State Department’s latest International Religious Freedom Report includes Saudi Arabia on its list of worst offenders.